​A stroke occurs when blood flow to an area of the brain is cut off. As a result, brain cells don’t get the oxygen they require, so they slowly start to die. Strokes are serious medical emergencies that affect close to 800,000 Americans each year. Dr. John R. Toth in Concord, California helps men and women who’ve suffered from or are susceptible to strokes. Contact the office today by phone or online to learn more about stroke treatment.

Stroke Q & A

What are the three types of strokes?

There are three main types of strokes:

Transient ischemic attack

Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) are also called mini-strokes. These clots block blood flow to your brain. More often than not, these clots are temporary.

Ischemic stroke

Ischemic strokes occur the same way as a TIA, when the blood flowing to your brain is hindered. Often, the clot is caused by a buildup of fatty deposits on the lining of a blood vessel. This is called atherosclerosis.

The fatty deposits then break off, causing a blockage in the blood flow in your brain. Keep in mind that this can occur in various parts of the body and travel to your brain. This is called an embolic stroke and is most likely caused by atrial fibrillation — where your heart beats irregularly.

Ischemic strokes can also be thrombotic, meaning that the clot takes its roots in the brain and not elsewhere.

These types of strokes don’t go away without treatment.

Hemorrhagic stroke

Hemorrhagic strokes occur when a blood vessel in your brain breaks, leaking blood in the adjacent tissue. Any of the following can cause these types of strokes:

  • Aneurysm: A weakened blood vessel spirals outward, often rupturing in the process
  • Arteriovenous malformation: An abnormally formed blood vessel
  • High blood pressure: A blood vessel in your brain weakens and causes bleeding

How does Dr. Toth treat strokes?

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy is a modality involving a monoplace chamber whereby the patient is placed in a 100% oxygen environment with variable pressure settings determined by the condition being treated.

The partial pressure of oxygen in room air is only 20%. The majority of room air is occupied by the inert gas nitrogen and a few other gases. With hyperbaric oxygen therapy, the oxygen content is five times as much as room air and pressure is applied to gently bring the 100% oxygen into the deeper recesses of the brain to affect neural repair to neurons that are injured but not permanently damaged. You can talk to Dr. Toth about whether or not HBOT would be the right treatment option for you.

Constraint Induced Movement and Neuroplasty

CIM as developed by Ed Traud is based on animal and human studies of stroke victims who regained function by limiting the movement of the unaffected limb while aggressively directing focused attention and physical therapy to the effective limb.

If you or a loved one has or has had a stroke, call or go online now to book an appointment and learn more.